شناسه حدیث :  ۲۳۰۲۰۷

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نشانی :  بحار الأنوار الجامعة لدرر أخبار الأئمة الأطهار علیهم السلام  ,  جلد۱۸  ,  صفحه۱۹۹  

عنوان باب :   الجزء الثامن عشر [تتمة كتاب تاريخ نبينا صلّى اللّه عليه و آله ] أبواب أحواله صلّى اللّه عليه و آله من البعثة إلى نزول المدينة باب 1 المبعث و إظهار الدعوة و ما لقي صلّى اللّه عليه و آله من القوم و ما جرى بينه و بينهم و جمل أحواله إلى دخول الشعب و فيه إسلام حمزة رضي الله عنه و أحوال كثير من أصحابه و أهل زمانه

معصوم :   غير معصوم

قب، [المناقب] ، لابن شهرآشوب اِبْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَ مُجَاهِدٌ : فِي قَوْلِهِ: وَ قٰالَ اَلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَوْ لاٰ نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ اَلْقُرْآنُ جُمْلَةً وٰاحِدَةً كَمَا أُنْزِلَتِ اَلتَّوْرَاةُ وَ اَلْإِنْجِيلُ فَقَالَ اَللَّهُ تَعَالَى: كَذٰلِكَ مُتَفَرِّقاً لِنُثَبِّتَ بِهِ فُؤٰادَكَ وَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُوحَى فِي كُلِّ حَادِثَةٍ وَ لِأَنَّهَا نَزَلَتْ عَلَى أَنْبِيَاءَ يَكْتُبُونَ وَ يَقْرَءُونَ وَ اَلْقُرْآنُ نَزَلَ عَلَى نَبِيٍّ أُمِّيٍّ وَ لِأَنَّ فِيهِ نَاسِخاً وَ مَنْسُوخاً وَ فِيهِ مَا هُوَ جَوَابٌ لِمَنْ سَأَلَهُ عَنْ أُمُورٍ وَ فِيهِ مَا هُوَ إِنْكَارٌ لِمَا كَانَ وَ فِيهِ مَا هُوَ حِكَايَةُ شَيْءٍ جَرَى وَ لَمْ يَزَلْ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ يُرِيهِمُ اَلْآيَاتِ وَ يُخْبِرُهُمْ بِالْمَغِيبَاتِ فَنَزَلَ وَ لاٰ تَعْجَلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ اَلْآيَةَ وَ مَعْنَاهُ لاَ تَعْجَلْ بِقِرَاءَتِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ حَتَّى أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْكَ اَلتَّفْسِيرُ فِي أَوْقَاتِهِ كَمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْكَ اَلتِّلاَوَةُ.
زبان ترجمه:

BiharAlAnwaar, Translated by hubeali.com ;  ج ۱۸  ص ۱۸

Ibn Abbas and Mujahid (Non-Shia) regarding His Words: And those who are committing Kufr say, ‘Why wasn’t the Quran Revealed unto him all at once?’ just as the Torah and Evangel were Revealed. Allah the Exalted Said: Like that – separately, We Affirmed your heart with it, , and that is because he was Revealed unto during every event, and had it been Revealed upon the Prophets , they would be writing and reading, and the Quran was Revealed upon the Ummy Prophet , and because therein are Abrogating and Abrogated (Verses), and in it is what is an answer to the ones who asked him about matters, and in it what is a denial of what had happened, and in it is what is a narration of things which flowed, and he did not cease showing them the Signs and informing them of the hidden matters. It was Revealed: and do not be hasty with the Quran – the Verse, and its meaning is that, ‘Do not be hasty with its recitation to them until the interpretation is Revealed unto you during its timings just as the recitation has been Revealed unto you ’. Khabab Bin Al Arat sold a sword to Al Aas Bin Wail and he came to him to demand it (price). He said, ‘Isn’t Muhammad alleging that in the Paradise would be whatever its inhabitants seek, from gold and silver and clothes and servants?’ He said, ‘Yes’. He said, ‘Respite me, I shall fulfil your right over there, for by Allah , over there you and your companions will not be more preferable than me’. It was Revealed: Do you see the one who commits Kufr with Our Signs – up to His Words: individually . And Al Nazar Bin Al Haris spoke with the Prophet , and Rasool-Allah spoke to him until he made him understand. Then he said: You, and whatever you are worshipping from besides Allah, would be the fuel of Hell. – the Verse. When the Prophet came out, Ibn Al Zab’ary said, ‘But by Allah , if I find him in a gathering, I would contend him and ask Muhammad , ‘Is it all what is worshipped from besides Allah , would be in Hell along with the ones who worship it? We worship the Angels, and the Jews worship Uzair , and the Christians worship Isa ?’ The Prophet informed and said: ‘O woe be unto his mother! But, does he not know that (the word) ‘What’ is for what has no intellect, and ‘Ones’ is for one who does have intellect’?’ It was Revealed: Surely those for whom the good has preceded from Us, – the Verse. And the Jews said, ‘Haven’t you ceased to be a Prophet ?’ He said: ‘Yes’. They said, ‘But you did not speak in the cradle just as Isa spoke?’ He said: ‘Allah Mighty and Majestic Created Isa from without a stallion (male intervention). So, had he not spoken in the cradle there would have been no excuse for Maryam then she would have been seized with what the like of her would have been seized with, and I was born between parents’. And Quraysh gathered to him and they said, ‘What are you calling us to, O Muhammad ?’ He said: ‘To the testimony that there is no god except Allah , and leaving the rival gods (idols), all of them’. They said, ‘We should leave three hundred and sixty gods and worship (only) One God?’ It was Revealed: And they are wondering if a warner has come from them – up to His Words: the Punishment . Abu Sufyan and Ikrimah and Abu Al Awr Al Salmy lodged with Abdullah Bin Abayy and they came and said, ‘O Muhammad ! Adjourn the mention of our gods and say that there will be intercession for them for the one who worships them, and we will leave you and your Lord (won’t bother you )’. That was grievous upon the Prophet . He ordered and they were expelled from Medina, and it was Revealed: O you Prophet! Fear Allah and do not follow the Kafirs - from the people of Makkah, and the hypocrites from the people of Medina.

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